NAS Storage Blog

NAS storage news, reviews, tips and tricks

The Honest to Goodness Truth on Free Vmware Virtual Appliances

If you are searching for rental equipment, Serverental is your one-stop destination for all your IT solution requirements. Virtual Machines are an outstanding way of creating a testing machine without needing to create an entirely new computer. In other words, they allow you to run a separate computer inside your computer using the same hardware on a shared basis. Employing a Virtual Machine usually means I don’t require any sort of hardware, I don’t need to build another computer just for Linux and I don’t need to reboot my laptop each time I’d like to dual boot into my Linux operating system. Virtual machines are in fact pretty easy as soon as you get the hang of it.

Buying more hardware is only going to boost your depreciation budget during the next few decades, thereby further reducing your capacity to lower the overall Capex expenditure. Measuring performance of VMs can be an arduous task. You’ll also require a great online connection, which does not have to be routable from the internet (i.e. public IP isn’t required).

In either circumstance, the Untangle appliance delivers the exact features in a really intuitive interface. A digital appliance is a digital machine (VM) that contains a minimal operating system with just the most critical applications typically centered around a personalized tool made for a particular business need. Of course, the virtual appliance is particularly handy once the solution stitches together a plethora of components or relies on a whole LAMP stack. It may be able to do the trick. You can locate the digital appliance for Nagios here.

The majority of the appliances you discover on the Internet are prepared to go to work with very little customization, and several are web-enabled for simple management. First, determine if it will migrate from one host to another. You also need to know there are Certified Appliances and non-certified. To sum up, virtual appliances are an excellent means to vastly lower the time it requires to find a solution ready to go. 2007 YiR A digital appliance for a software distribution and management paradigm is comparatively new.

The Free Vmware Virtual Appliances Pitfall

A number of alternatives exist for creating home-grown digital appliances. If you manage a lot of machines, a command line is certainly not the only tool you might need to carry out several operations including client tasks, because such operations could possibly be time-consuming. There are lots of possible approaches to establish a Ruby on Rails development environment on Ubuntu, but you have to wisely pick the ideal one for your work requirement.

The Tried and True Method for Free Vmware Virtual Appliances in Step by Step Detail

Today you can browse the online deliciousness. In instance, you might want to configure a portgroup or digital switch to permit promiscuous mode. You may also configure the load balancers in one-arm NAT mode but in order to create the servers accessible from the local network you should change some routing information on the actual servers.

When the installation completes, you will have a fresh installation of SIFT for your usage. In case it helps squeeze more from the current hardware and software, do it. Utilize storage accounts to offer file storage by means of a file share or blob endpoint over HTTPS. In addition, you may add additional digital disks. You may select which appliance performs the backups to improve efficiency, too.

You have the ability to start small with just 4 servers at GA.. The actual servers have to be configured to react to the digital server IP address in addition to their own IP address. Configuring your servers in AWS can be a true mind bender but as soon as you get the hang of itit gets really uncomplicated. Ubuntu Server can theoretically get the job done, but nevertheless, it’ll be a good deal more effort for the installation. To begin with, if you’re contemplating a headless server, I strongly advise you to find an IPMI compatible motherboard. An additional thing we have to do is configure the DNS servers.

Free Vmware Virtual Appliances Options

SolusVM friendly GUI enables users to manage VPS cluster easily. While both are totally free to use and work with a number of VMs, VirtualBox appears to be a small bit faster in the guest OS in addition to the host OS. When the VM is rebooted, you’re delight in the complete advantage of guest additions. VMWare, on the flip side, is a totally free program for Windows but you’ll want to get a license if you’re on a Mac. RedHat announced their intention to provide their version. Needless to say, you could begin with a complete Linux distro and take out the tools and services that you don’t require.

The Little-Known Secrets to Cheap Iscsi San

What Needs to be Done About Cheap Iscsi San

In the majority of instances, VLANs or network virtualization will likely offer adequate isolation. The ISCSI software would enable you to make iscsi target disks. The ScaleIO software introduces addition variables that have to be considered in order to construct a balanced system. With the Advanced Edition, String Bean Software adds the capacity to take care of snapshots, which can be a vital feature, based on the way you intend to use your SAN. Finding the correct mixture of PCIe-Flash and SSD drives that peak out the program will dictate what sort of enclosure that you’ll need. In addition, if you place the VHD file in sub folder referred to as Virtual Hard Disks” then it will merely do the job whatever the vhd location in xml file.

The drives you use will make an immense difference. Because hard drives have more capacity each year, that means the storage arrays become upgraded every couple of decades too. A. Each disk drive has to be replaced.

To put it simply, a SAN is a technique of offering storage for a network that could reside on multiple parts of hardware or on a single large appliance. Bear in mind a simple storage array by itself isn’t a SAN rather it is an essential component of one. In addition, there are external reasons for selecting a SAN in the SMB.

The Awful Secret of Cheap Iscsi San

You simply pay for replication services and big disk caches. In earlier times the business was providing a trial version. Affordable storage hardware While big organizations are mostly searching for a high-end SAN infrastructure, it isn’t the only solution for everybody.

Bulk file storage can be accomplished through the File storage and it is normally utilised to interact with the corporate directories and is going to have an entire control access. You are not going to have access to sophisticated web management tools. however, it will do the work too. Though certainly not exciting, business storage has been among the critical topics of interest during the past couple of decades. Shared storage is a requirement for a lot more organisations now than simply a couple of years ago. Meanwhile, obtaining the additional storage available via iSCSI is surely a nice alternative.

The servers are almost always prepared to use even in a limited time period. The SBS server is operating on an ADSL line is being crippled on account of the upload. All servers utilize the exact FC fabric. This server was configured using HP’s internet shop. Current high-end NAS servers often incorporate an iSCSI target also. So obviously altering the drive configuration appears to do something. Our present setup is made up of individual storage node and compute node.

Understanding Cheap Iscsi San

The essential features of SAN have traditionally become the simple fact that storage is offered at the block level, and that it’s really costly. A wide range of optional management features is also offered. There aren’t any strings attached and you simply need to pay for what you use.

Finding the Best Cheap Iscsi San

The advantage of SAN arrays often consist of many functions that enable you to manage storage better. Among the biggest benefits for Cloudgent is the capacity to continue to keep data in two individual places and having the choice of open hardware, so they are easily able to swap parts for newer technologies. The reward of utilizing a high-end NAS is they are generally built with redundant hardware, making them very dependable. The reward of using NFS for a shared-storage device is that it is possible to configure it on any Linux-based server at no cost. It’s extremely helpful when expanding your company opportunities. There are lots of opportunities from several reputed businesses in the world. 1 main benefit of iSCSI is it can work over your existing Ethernet infrastructure.

Check with the next figure, it illustrates the notion of a chunk and a stripe. Read the reviews and you’ll find a clearer idea what you should elect for. You could have a number of the best ideas or thoughts in your thoughts, but if you don’t speak about them, then you are going to take them to the grave. The idea of chuck size is practically utilized in all RAID array types. Thus, the idea of a Storage Area Network (SAN) is an excellent choice. Thus, the invention of a SAN becomes a necessity instead of an alternative.

What You Should Do to Find Out About Cheap Iscsi San Before You’re Left Behind

You may want to give it a go and see whether it works for you. Nonetheless, you would like to make sure that you aren’t spending the majority of your time fixing hardware or fiddling with the infrastructure. Before uploading make the required changes. There are lots of choices, and some severe pros and cons involved. You’ve got budget alternatives and performance choices, and you may determine which is most effective for your circumstance. With the many affordable alternatives available, there is absolutely no reason to limit yourself. The package is also called the Linux Open-iSCSI Initiator.

Deduplication Icon Reviews & Guide

The best method to learn Android layouts is to just play around with one that works. Later on, tattoos will grow to be a whole lot more than drawings and inscriptions. Finally, they are laminated to the skin using water transfer method. Bright tattoos aren’t something thatas new in the marketplace.

There are lots of variables to take into account when creating an effective sustainability plan for your nonprofit, and the procedure should begin at the start of the nonprofits life. Any of the five options may also be applied globally to all the matches. Planning and positioning your nonprofit for sustainability is among the most crucial processes your organization must take. If you would like to conserve money you can also just grab one before the very first wave. Sign up for an account and make sure that you have a Paypal account (so you’re able to finish the verification procedure and get payment whenever someone buys your photos).

1 thing is for sure, there’s always more stuff to put away. Sure, a lot of the content won’t be as high in quality as the in-house method but what’s more, people who were previously beyond the system is now able to participate. You are going to be able to sign in to every site using your HubPages account. If it’s a website you’re after, ask for some sample sites they’ve completed that are actually functioning at this time. Furniture Brands International’s website indicates they have alocationsa in the usa and Asia, but no more explanation. You usually are not able to buy or even price their furniture online, but could easily use their site to find a dealer near you. Our affiliate was disorganized and overwhelmed and frequently made to improvise, Perry explained.

Fully being an amazing manager is so important when you would like to help your nonprofit achieve objectives and execute the organization’s mission. Besides that, land proprietors often would like you to locate a guarantor. Nonetheless, every couple of years storage appliance businesses make a big design revision because the underlying processors and chipsets have to get moved to the new embedded edition.

Without strategic objectives, your nonprofit is left without a roadmap to attain your desired benefits. Many nonprofits use volunteers in virtually all departments. Your organization should nurture your current volunteer base. When organizations make choices about how to buy storage, there are numerous different decision factors that get taken into consideration. It’s key your organization and each one of the nonprofits stakeholders practice what they preach. Developing a community also has the capability to create super-supporters. The best communities are created from great people with interesting, useful thoughts and information they share generously.

There are a lot of great resources offered for nonprofits both big and little. The resources that’s used for storage area usage may be used for different purposes. It’s very common to get many duplicate assets inside an organization. If two assets have exactly the same arrangement of bits, you will probably have the identical checksum.

The Dirty Truth on Deduplication Icon

Where there’s a difference in field values it’s going to be highlighted in yellow. In the building business, changes occur all the time. Demonstrating impact to a volunteer workforce is simpler than you can think. The outcome of the deduplication procedure is going to be displayed and the amount of potential matches appears in the top right hand corner. Once it is complete, a message displays showing how many records have been deduplicated successfully, and how many possible duplicates have been returned. Making of DuoSkin tattoos The approach involves three phases, and it can be run even by an individual with very little understanding of tattooing.

By utilizing any graphics software, people had the chance to make their own bit of art on their skin. Each volunteer opportunity can be supplied a value. Now, everyone is going to have opportunity to learn from his visionary insights about how to drive digital transformation.

The records will then be flagged as unique and won’t be displayed within the next deduplication session. There are a lot of virtual pets free downloads that provide enthusiasts a digital or digital pet in the area of an actual pet. Bear in mind, simply because an aim isn’t relevant for your nonprofit today does not necessarily mean it won’t be relevant or something you wish to concentrate on tomorrow. For those who have data take a peek at it today. A completely free nation is the outcomes of its completely free indigenous men and women. Your basic rights won’t be respected.

Aws Blob Storage – an Outline

Disk can be costly, thus a very simple use case is we just want to move a number of the greatest and oldest files off local disk to somewhere less costly. Disks are priced dependent on volume dimensions and provide predictable performance that scales linearly. Therefore, data storage is intended for constant time edge traversals. Furthermore, B2 Cloud Storage is far more simple to work with. Instead, you must utilize Premium SSD Storage should you desire precisely the same kind of persistent network attached storage that AWS and GCP give you. Moreover, the physical storage space required for the drives would inch near the option of merely keeping the 150 discs I was attempting to remove.

New Ideas Into Aws Blob Storage Never Before Revealed

Well, you can click through the Azure portal and appear at each one of the containers which you have to be certain that the public access setting is set to private for every single container which contains blobs which should not be exposed. Let’s see which cloud platform is ideal for your company by analyzing all prominent capabilities. Like the majority of the other key cloud storage vendors, IBM Cloud offers many unique choices. It doesn’t look much less expensive. Google Cloud also has a Pricing Calculator that has an extremely attractive interface but proved to be somewhat difficult to utilize in practice.

The S3 service provides a completely free tier for the very first year after a customer signs up. The many services it provides, together with support for numerous platforms, makes it perfect for large organizations. In situations where customers are purchasing compute instances in addition to storage, the Monthly Flex option may be a great thing. When they are looking for a mix of Microsoft and non-Microsoft services for their technology stack, AWS comes to your rescue by providing the ability to build your solution the way you want it. Among the 3 service providers Amazon has the largest storage platform, however, services offered by Azure and Google are also thought to be reliable and respectable but they’re nowhere near Amazon. It’s fairly simple to use and lets you combine a whole lot of distinct services and features to figure monthly expenses.

Outside of the managed product, each provider also provides the capability to use raw instance ability to build Hadoop clusters, taking away the ease of the managed service but allowing for a whole lot more customizability, for example, ability to select alternate distributions like Cloudera. Each provider provides a selection of services to assist their clientele. The cloud providers simply ought to escape their own way. Furthermore, it’s important to be aware that your very best fit may not prove to be a single cloud provider.

The Nuiances of Aws Blob Storage

When you review the various AWS data storage alternatives, the situation might appear similar if you don’t understand how to compare the available choices. Another benefit is its flexibility in contrast to Azure. AWS S3’s major benefit is you could host a static site very cheaply, but that advantage appears like it’s going to have a really brief shelf life.

It is possible to only attach one particular instance to an EBS volume at a moment. Preemptible instances are very similar to AWS spot instances, in that they are much less expensive, but may be preempted with minimum notice. On Paperspace also, you can run your instance in a few clicks, though some extra packages and frameworks might need manual installation for an entire experience. Each Azure instance has a disk, but it’s a temporary disk which is going to be wiped if the instance is deleted or moved. Among the deciding factor in deciding upon the correct database instance is working set. Spot instances are bought utilizing some kind of auction model, if your bid is above the spot market rate you will receive the instance and just pay the industry price. Consult the log to find the specifics of which objects couldn’t be deleted.

The 5-Minute Rule for Aws Blob Storage

S3 is extremely scalable, so in principle, with a massive enough pipe or enough cases, you can become arbitrarily large throughput. Before you set something in S3 in the very first location, there are many things to consider. If you previously utilize AWS S3 as an object storage and wish to migrate your applications on Azure, you want to decrease the chance of it.

The War Against Aws Blob Storage

AWS does fall short on particular parameters in contrast to Azure though. AWS is a leader when it has to do with large instances. AWS has already built a highly effective worldwide network to supply a digital host for a number of the world’s most complex IT environments. AWS, unlike Microsoft, has turned out to be dismissive concerning the benefits of on-premise private clouds. AWS offers more cloud alternatives and products in comparison to GCP that’s fairly new in the marketplace.

Introducing Lsfs

The tourist office will have the ability to assist. It’s totally free to wander around this region, and this is quite a popular attraction for hikers and nature lovers alike. Even though the region is a favorite with art and nature lovers, it’s also great for anybody trying to find a peaceful and relaxing holiday or short break.

LCFS credits don’t have a vintage and don’t expire. With the aid of a seasoned mediator, employer and employee can often come to terms which are reasonably satisfactory to both parties a lot more efficiently than the standard hearing procedure allows. This Log-Structuring approach has numerous positive aspects, in addition to drawbacks. The life cycle price is reduced as a result of the decrease in the variety of units, the amount of special assemblies within the units, the general number of assemblies, and the cost per assembly. He restored order by a string of administrative reforms. It isn’t the precise same set in. We feel this is definitely the most valuable quality of our suppressor.

More information about the solution are available here. More information about the item are available here. Another impressive part of the AeroSonic is the way it can stay relatively cool versus traditional cans. 1 such situation happens when a file is extended or truncated. Needless to say, issues are sure to arise.

Displays the qualities of file systems. Learn more on the subject of the solution here. Download in a complete version free of charge. Really easy to use and for free!

See the full series schedule below. Really simple to use and for free! Do not reproduce for industrial purposes. See the last section to learn to recognize invalid outputs.

There doesn’t appear to be a language issue. Free download hyperlink Construction Simulator Gold. Reproduce freely for individual use. Welcome to the official site of Farming.

Superior news for most digital farmers! Take a look at this overview and see what LSFS is about. You may find out more about StarWind VSA here. Especially, it can cover the subtitles, that is the very best approach to learn another language. Here you may download tractors, combines. Take on the function of a contemporary farmer in Farming. Contains the next equipment.

Gentoo doesn’t have precompiled packages. Given this, everything necessary to boot Linux or will be required to repair a busted system, needs to be in the main file system. The program changes any computer into a safe workstation. A Linux system also utilizes the notion of inodes. Send this to the Medical Director of your preferred spa, and you’re in the computer system. Consequently, they don’t want the file system to implement this serialization in their opinion.

You will notice the advancement of the file transfer. The end result is that we’ve created a legitimate sound suppressor, muzzle flash eliminator, very low signature firing system. This process doesn’t have a CARB established pathway yet, but they’re studying the possibility. 1 such operation is that if a block of information is allocated in the filesystem, JFS2 attempts to pre-allocate the upcoming contiguous block also. The commands has loads of distinct parameters as well as these three. These network commands are worth trying to track down a matter, before going and find someone who is conscious of what they’re doing. The df command The df is the simplest tool readily available to check at disk usage.

The LCFS can appear to be an intimidating assortment of acronyms, but it’s really only a fuel-neutral, market based program to create alternative fuels markets and decrease GHG emissions credited to transportation fuels utilised in California. Currently ethanol is the best contributor to the alternate transportation fuel pool. Packing hot air along with hot air unregulated creates a good deal of heat. Packing hot air in addition to hot air unregulated creates a whole lot of heat. Montage Sainte Victore The Montage Sainte Victore is among the loveliest natural attractions in the region. Venen explained that the goal is to track down the neutral members and allow them to become more engaged.

No one likes to handle them. Plain and simple, they simply shoot far better. Would you prefer to boost your. You always can find out more about the solution here. Nobody likes to address them. By comparison, when confronted with a neutral facial expression, someone could have little if any emotional reaction. Although all the participants were attentive to the HSF nuances, neither group demonstrated any noticeable impairment as a consequence of HSF specifics.

Storage virtualization types, advantages and disadvantages

Virtualization is not a new technology but it has recently become a popular method for making data center management and operations an efficient and effective data center. Storage virtualization is one of the seven types of virtualization and it is extensively being used by IT companies and organizations.


Storage virtualization has two main types that are dependent on the implementation method.

  1. Host-based storage virtualization

In this type of storage virtualization, software such as Logical Volume Manager (LVM) is used on the hosts. LVM is used for mapping of the physical disks to the storage logical pools. A pool of disks can also be created with this software which can then be allocated to servers. SAN, NAS and direct attached storage can be used for the provisioning of the disk.

Abstraction creation of storage devices has been here for a very long time. The configuration of storage systems can be done in any RAID type i.e. 0, 1 and 10, etc.  Once the configuration is done, the logical volume can be created. These volumes are then assigned to servers which view them as disks. The host is shown data on a single disk but in reality, it can be spread over multiple physical disks.

  1. Appliance-based storage virtualization

For those who require disk pools that contain multiple storage arrays, appliance-based storage virtualization is used. In this type, there is a control node, comprising of more than two servers, that controls the allocation of storage from devices to servers. Appliance storage virtualization has a lot of similarities with logical volume manager’s volume group. There is only one stark difference between them and that is their scale.


Given below are the advantages of using storage virtualization:

  1. With this virtualization technology, you can utilize more than one storage array type with your company’s SAN. Migrations can be made with ease and agility because servers cannot differentiate between storage array types. This scale of virtualization comes with high availability, fast speed of migration and minimum possible downtime thanks to its software mirroring feature.
  2. Management of data centers become an extremely easy task with this virtualization type. With storage virtualization, enterprise-level organizations and medium level businesses can benefit greatly as the cost and complexities associated with manageability are greatly reduced. A single console operated by one or two employees instead of an entire team managing the multiple arrays is a blessing.


Like every technology, storage virtualization also has a few disadvantages that are listed below:

  1. When we talk about a single console responsible for management of all your storage then, in theory, this can sound as the most ideal situation but in reality, this single console can become a horror story when software upgradation is required on the storage controlling node. A failover node might hang because of an upgrade fail which in turn can create problems for the apps that utilize provisioned storage.
  2. There is also the issue of scaling capacity in this virtualization. A storage software might not be scalable for allocation of a certain amount of virtual disks but this issue can be catered by increasing the limit via more servers.


Even with its disadvantages that are mentioned above, the advantages of storage virtualization cannot be ignored. Benefits associated with appliance storage virtualization range from increasing capacities, the creation of robust environments and high level of efficiency.

If you are looking for a reliable solution then free virtual appliances is perfect for your company. SA provides its users with high performance and free round the clock support. It also has built-in gateways for connection with public clouds. This allows efficient implementation of a Disaster Recovery plan. This solution is economical and provides the clients with 3-2-1 backup rule. It is scalable and a fully customizable solution with no requirements of any antivirus program, anti-malware or external backup. You can even extend the capacity of Hyperconvergence Appliance with SA.

Time to think about replacing the hard disk in my DS211+

One year ago I bought my Synology DS 211+ with two Western Digital 2TB hard disks and I must say I think about disks replacement. The two 2TB WD hard disks in my NAS are not broken or performing poorly but new hard disks are not bad at all. Currently I have the money for two new hard disks for my DiskStation so I do consider buying new hard disks. But hard disks are still expensive because of the flooding in Thailand which is a country that exports a lot of hard disks.

I think I will wait another six months and see if the prices decreasing. I will still buy two new Western Digital hard disks and replace them with my old drives. The Western Digital green hard disks are still the preferred disks because of the large capacity, OK performance and the low power consumption.

Synology releases the DSM 4.1 Beta Program

Synology releases the DSM 4.1 Beta Program and you can join it now by going to the following URL: I do recommend that you read the text carefully on the page before applying in order to understand what you are applying for.
Notice the following BEFORE you apply.

  1. The DSM 4.1 beta is for evaluation purpose only. It is suggested that you always back up data on your Synology NAS to other locations first. Synology holds no responsibility for any data loss caused by the DSM 4.1 beta.
  2. The DSM 4.1 beta is NOT REVERSIBLE (VERY IMPORTANT); you will not be able to downgrade the DSM on your Synology NAS to a previous version.
  3. The DSM 4.1 beta can only be applied to Synology NAS with DSM 4.0-2198 and onward.
  4. You are encouraged to report bugs and suggestions to the Beta Program manager.

Win a Synology DS212air

If you do a good job in finding bugs you maybe the lucky person that will receive a Synology DS212air as bonus for your work.
If you join the program good luck in finding bugs and help improve the stability of the Synology DSM.

Where to place your NAS at home

March 30th, 2012

When you have bought a NAS it does matter where you place the NAS device in your home because like other electronic devices a NAS should be handled with care. If your NAS is running 24/7 and it has become one of the gadgets in your home that is used all the time you should place the NAS in a safe place. Here are some things to think about, when you are about to find a suitable location for your NAS look for adequate power, network access and cooling. These recommendations are based on my own experiences:

  1. Keep your NAS away from sun light.
  2. Keep your NAS away from children.
  3. Do not place the NAS where you can not hear the beeping sound from your NAS if it starts to beep.
  4. Place your NAS close to other devices such as routers, modems and so on.

My DS211+ is placed in a high bookcase where it is out of reach from children and away from sun light but still visible.

Lost my 4K resolution on my Mac Mini with Mac OS X Yosemite

After the upgrade to Mac OS X Yosemite I can no longer use the 4K resolution on my Mac Mini 2012. The option for the 3440 x 1440 resolution is just no longer available. So my LG 34um95 4K display is currently not a 4K display. It seems that I am not the person in this world that this problem. Other Mac users have the same problem. According to this thread on an Apple forum there is a solution to the problem. Use the old Mac OS X Maverick AppleIntelFramebufferCapri.kext kernel extension with a slightly modification.
My Mac Mini is a small beast with 16 GB RAM, 500 GB SSD and a quad core 2.6 Ghz CPU but the Intel HD4000 chip is just not the best option for 4K displays but it worked under Maverick and I knew that.

I tried to see if could restore the 4K resolution but with no luck. It is just not a good idea to play around with the kernel extension in Apple but I certainly learned a few things about the Mac OS X kernel API, caching and file locations. Several people seems to have fixed the problem.
3 solutions exists for me at the moment:

  1. Revert to Maverick OS X
  2. Use the Maverick AppleIntelFramebufferCapri.kext in order to patch the running Yosemite on my Mac Mini.
  3. Apple will this in the future (not likely)

I am not sure that Apple will ever fix this. I do know that Apple is aware of the problem as it has been reported during the Yosemite Beta testing. This really irritates me a lot. Come on Apple, fix this.

Finally fixed this. After the whole patching circus i found a little trick for display more resolution options. Go to System Preferences in Yosemite -> Displays -> Display tab. Hold down option + left mouse click on Scaled. BOOM! Now the 3440 x 1440 resolution could be selected.